How To Clean A Ruger 1022

Cleaning your Ruger 10/22 is an essential part of firearm maintenance. Regular cleaning not only ensures optimal performance but also prolongs the lifespan of your firearm. In this article, we will guide you through cleaning a Ruger 10/22 step by step, ensuring you can keep your rifle in top condition.

1Ensure that the rifle is unloaded and the magazine removed
2Disassemble the firearm, separating the receiver and barrel from the stock
3Clean the barrel using a cleaning rod, bore brush, and solvent, running it back and forth until fully cleaned
4Remove the bolt assembly and clean it with the solvent and a cleaning brush
5Clean the trigger group and any other internal components with the solvent and a cleaning brush
6Wipe down the stock and other exterior parts with a rag moistened with the solvent
7Lubricate all moving parts and reassemble the rifle
8Perform a function check before storing the firearm properly

Safety Precautions

Before starting the cleaning process, it is crucial to prioritize safety. Ensure that your firearm is unloaded and the magazine is removed. Find a well-ventilated area and wear safety glasses and gloves to protect yourself from accidental discharges or chemical exposure.

Disassembling the Ruger 10/22

To clean the Ruger 10/22 thoroughly, you need to disassemble it. Follow these steps:

Step 1: Remove the Barrel
Using a screwdriver, carefully remove the takedown screw in the rifle’s forend. Once the screw is removed, separate the barrel from the stock.

Step 2: Take Apart the Action and Bolt
Next, remove the receiver from the stock. Press the bolt release latch on the receiver’s left side, allowing the bolt to slide out. Separate the bolt assembly from the receiver.

Cleaning the Barrel

The barrel of your Ruger 10/22 is susceptible to carbon buildup and fouling. Follow these steps to clean it effectively:

Step 1: Choose the Right Cleaning Solution
Select a solvent specifically designed for firearm cleaning. Apply a small amount of solvent to a cleaning patch or bore brush.

Step 2: Clean the Barrel
Insert the cleaning rod into the breech end of the barrel and push the cleaning patch or bore brush through the barrel. Repeat this process several times until the patch comes out clean.

Cleaning the Action and Bolt

The action and bolt are critical components of your Ruger 10/22. Here’s how you can clean them:

Step 1: Remove Residue and Debris
Using a nylon brush and a solvent, carefully scrub the action and bolt to remove any residue or debris. Pay attention to hard-to-reach areas.

Step 2: Wipe Clean
After scrubbing, use a clean cloth to remove any remaining solvent and debris. Ensure that all parts are dry and free from any cleaning solution.

Cleaning the Stock and Exterior

The stock and exterior of your Ruger 10/22 also require attention. Follow these steps to clean them effectively:

Step 1: Remove Dirt and Dust
Using a soft brush or cloth, remove any loose dirt and dust from the stock and exterior surfaces of the rifle.

Step 2: Apply Cleaning Solution
Dampen a cloth with a mild cleaning solution or warm, soapy water. Gently wipe the stock and exterior surfaces to remove any grime or stains.


Proper lubrication is essential to ensure the smooth operation of your Ruger 10/22. Follow these steps:

Step 1: Choose the Right Lubricant

Select a high-quality firearm lubricant. Apply a small amount to the moving parts of the action and bolt.

    Step 2: Spread the Lubricant

    Using a clean cloth or your fingertips, spread the lubricant evenly over the surfaces that require lubrication. Avoid over-lubrication, as it can attract dirt and debris.

    Reassembling the Ruger 10/22

    After cleaning and lubricating the components, it’s time to put your Ruger 10/22 back together. Follow these steps:

    Step 1: Assemble the Action and Bolt
    Align the bolt with the receiver and slide it back into place. Ensure that it locks securely.

    Step 2: Reattach the Barrel
    Reconnect the barrel to the stock and tighten the takedown screw using a screwdriver.

    Storage and Maintenance Tips

    To maintain the cleanliness of your Ruger 10/22, consider the following tips:

    • Store your firearm in a cool, dry place to prevent rust and corrosion.
    • Regularly inspect your rifle for any signs of wear or damage.
    • Clean your Ruger 10/22 after each use to remove fouling and debris.
    • Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for additional maintenance procedures.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    How often should I clean my Ruger on 10/22?

    It is recommended to clean your Ruger 10/22 after every use to maintain its performance and longevity.

    Can I use any cleaning solution on my Ruger 10/22?

    Using cleaning solutions specifically designed for firearms is best to ensure optimal cleaning and protection.

    Should I lubricate the trigger assembly of my Ruger on 10/22?

    No, you should avoid lubricating the trigger assembly as it can affect the trigger pull and potentially compromise safety.

    Can I disassemble the Ruger 10/22 without any tools?

    No, you need a screwdriver to remove the takedown screw and disassemble the rifle.

    Are There Any Specific Storage Requirements For A Ruger 10/22?

    Store your Ruger 10/22 securely, unloaded, and separated from ammunition, following all local laws and regulations.


    Cleaning a Ruger 10/22 is a straightforward process that requires attention to detail and adherence to safety protocols. Following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can ensure that your rifle remains in excellent condition, ready for your next shooting session.

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