How To Build A Snare Trap

When it comes to survival situations, having the knowledge and skills to procure food can be crucial. Building a snare trap is an effective way to catch small games in the wild. In this article, we will guide you through the process of constructing a snare trap step by step. Whether you are an experienced outdoorsman or a beginner, this guide will help you master the art of building a snare trap and increase your chances of survival in the wilderness.

1Find a suitable location for your trap. Look for signs of animal activity, such as tracks or droppings.
2Gather materials. You will need a strong cord or wire, a stick, and a trigger system such as a thin branch or a piece of bark.
3Cut a notch in a small tree or branch that is about chest height. The notch should be wide enough to fit the cord or wire.
4Secure the cord or wire to the tree or branch using the notch. Make sure the cord is tightly secured so it won’t slip or give way.
5Tie the other end of the cord to a stick or tree trunk that is at a safe distance away from the snare trap.
6Set up the trigger system by propping up a branch or bark using a small stick or stone. The trigger system should be positioned so that it is easily disturbed if an animal walks by.
7Test the trap by gently pulling on the cord to make sure it is secure and that the trigger system is working properly

Understanding the Basics of Snare Trapping

Before we delve into the construction process, it is essential to understand the basic principles of snare trapping. A snare trap is a simple yet effective mechanism designed to catch small animals by immobilizing them. It consists of a looped cord or wire that tightens when an animal triggers the trap, effectively trapping it.

Gathering the Necessary Materials

To build a snare trap, you will need a few essential materials. These include:

  • Snare wire or cordage: Choose a strong and durable wire or cordage that can withstand the weight and struggle of the trapped animal.
  • Support structures: You will need sturdy sticks or branches to create the framework for your snare trap.
  • Bait: Select a bait that is appealing to the target animal and will entice it to approach the trap.

Choosing the Right Location

Selecting the right location for your snare trap is crucial for increasing your chances of success. Look for signs of animal activity, such as tracks, droppings, or trails. Focus on areas near a water source or places where animals are likely to travel, such as game trails or feeding areas.

Setting up the Snare Trap

Now that you have gathered the necessary materials and chosen the ideal location, it’s time to set up your snare trap. Follow these steps:

  • Identify two anchor points: Find two sturdy trees or objects that can serve as anchor points for your snare trap.
  • Construct the framework: Create a V-shaped framework using sticks or branches. The top of the V should be slightly higher than the animal’s head height.
  • Attach the snare: Secure one end of the snare wire to one side of the V and loop it over to the other side, leaving a small noose in the center.
  • Set the trigger: Position a small stick or toggle near the noose to act as a trigger. When the animal enters the snare, it will dislodge the stick, tightening the noose around its neck or body.

Checking and Maintaining the Snare

Once your snare trap is set up, it’s crucial to regularly check and maintain it. Check the trap at least once every 24 hours to ensure it remains functional and to release any non-target animals caught accidentally. Inspect the snare wire for damage or signs of wear and replace it if necessary. Additionally, replenish the bait as needed to attract fresh prey.

Ensuring Ethical and Responsible Trapping

As responsible trappers, it is essential to prioritize the ethical treatment of animals. Follow these guidelines:

  • Check local regulations: Familiarize yourself with local hunting and trapping laws to ensure you are within the legal boundaries.
  • Use appropriate snare sizes: Use snares that are designed to capture small game only, avoiding unintended catches of larger or protected species.
  • Release non-target animals: If you accidentally catch a non-target animal, release it immediately and adjust your trap if needed.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

When building a snare trap, it is crucial to avoid common mistakes that could reduce your trapping success. Here are a few mistakes to watch out for:

  • Poor location selection: Choosing an area with little to no animal activity greatly reduces your chances of trapping success.
  • Insufficient camouflage: Failing to conceal your snare trap properly can make it visible to animals, causing them to avoid it.
  • Loose or weak snares: Ensure that your snare wire is securely fastened and strong enough to hold the weight of the trapped animal.

Tips and Tricks for Successful Trapping

To improve your trapping skills and increase your chances of success, consider the following tips and tricks:

  • Learn from experienced trappers: Seek advice from experienced trappers or join survival and bushcraft communities to gain valuable insights.
  • Experiment with bait: Test different baits to determine what works best for attracting your target animal.
  • Regularly practice and refine your skills: The more you practice building snare traps, the better you will become at it.

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]

Is Snare Trapping Legal?

Snare trapping regulations vary by region. Always check your local laws and regulations before setting up snare traps.

Can I Use A Snare Trap To Catch Larger Animals?

Snare traps are designed for small games and should not be used to trap larger animals, as it can cause unnecessary harm.

How Long Should I Leave A Snare Trap Set?

It is advisable to check your snare trap at least once every 24 hours to ensure ethical and responsible trapping.

Can I Reuse The Same Snare Wire?

Reusing snare wire is possible if it is still in good condition. However, inspect it regularly for signs of wear or damage.

What Do I Do If I Accidentally Trap A Non-Target Animal?

Release the non-target animal immediately and adjust your trap to prevent further unintended catches.


Building a snare trap is a valuable survival skill that can help you procure food in the wilderness. By following the steps outlined in this guide and adhering to ethical trapping practices, you can increase your chances of success. Remember to always respect local regulations, prioritize animal welfare, and continually refine your trapping skills. With practice and knowledge, you’ll be well-prepared to face survival situations in the wild.

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